Preventing maltreatment spares children pain and suffering, both physical and psychological, and improves their long-term health and developmental outcomes. The serious physical and mental harms manifested during adulthood further call us to action (Anda et al., 2002). Prevention mitigates the direct costs of child abuse and neglect, as well as improving all of our lives through increased productivity and decreased crime and need for medical, mental health and social services (Alexander et al., 2003). Prevent Child Abuse America (Wang & Holton, 2008) used "conservative" estimates to calculate these direct and indirect costs at $103.8 billion in 2007. Early prevention may be even more effective in preventing harm from abuse and neglect, saving money for society, and improving society's health and happiness overall, with the included objective of leveraging current practices and programs to change how society values children (Greeley, 2009). These guidelines are designed to assist the professional in going beyond reporting by integrating best practices for child maltreatment prevention activities into their daily work with children and families. Published in 2010.